Impressionism as a way of perceiving the world
The name of the style impressionism (impressionnisme) came from the French word impression-impression. This name is a style that has had a serious impact on the development of world art, received, thanks to the sharp tongue of a French journalist.
Go to the directory of impressionism
The paintings in the impressionism style – go to section
In 1874, the first exhibition of a group of French artists who called themselves “independent” was held. Young artists were United by the rejection of conservatism of the then prevailing style of academism. The exhibition “independent” presented the work of Claude Monet ” Sunrise. Impression». Here is about this work journalist L. Leroy allowed itself highly ironic attacks, declining in all options word “impression”, journalist argued, that impression has replaced in pictures artists genuine art.
Let’s leave critical remarks on the conscience of the journalist, but note that many of the names of modernist styles also arose due to the sharp tongues of Parisian journalists, for example, “cubism”, “Fauvism”.
Of course, the artistic taste of journalists is questionable, but it is worth noting the sharpness of the pen. The ironic name stuck, because it conveyed the essence of the new artistic language – the desire of artists to convey a subjective impression of color, light, and space. So the picture of Claude Monet, “a small study of light, fog and water”, as William Seitz said about it, gave the name to a new era in painting.
Impressionist artists tried to convey their impressions of the world as accurately as possible. For this purpose, they abandoned the existing rules of painting and created their own method. The essence of it was reduced to the transfer by means of separate strokes of pure colors of the external impression of light, shadow, their reflection on the surface of objects. This method gave the picture the impression of dissolving the form in the surrounding light-air space. Claude Monet wrote about his work: “My merit is that I wrote directly from nature, trying to convey my impressions of the most unstable and changeable phenomena.”
The chronological framework for the existence of the “impressionism” style in France covers the period from the 70s of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century. At the beginning of the twentieth century, early modernist trends such as expressionism and cubism entered the stage of the history of world painting.their appearance marked the beginning of a completely new era in the development of art. And impressionism began to be called the prelude of non-figurative art.
What was so annoying to even people with a developed artistic taste in the paintings of the Impressionists? Let us assume that the Impressionists in their quest to capture the moment, the variability, the mobility of the world encroached on the immutability and stability of our perception of reality. They showed that depending on the lighting, the grass can be blue and the sky can appear green. Maximilian Voloshin was right when he said that we perceive the world “through the eyes of our painters.” The Impressionists were the first to show humanity all the relativity of its perception of the world.