Care for paintings and frames: cleaning features
Everyone takes care of cleaning the bathroom, kitchen, living room, bedroom, and study, but there are some items in the house that are often forgotten in the rush of all modern worries and concerns. These are paintings and other framed works of art that require special attention and attention.
So valuable and beloved, the main accessories of interiors and often the main pride of the owners of the house, unique old frames or modern materials, sketches, cute oil paintings and photos attract everyone’s attention and create a cozy atmosphere, but they also do not deprive their attention of dust and pollution. Let’s try to figure out how to clean frames and paintings and what care they need.
To begin with, do not forget that absolutely all the frames in the house, old and modern, decorating paintings or photos, need regular cleaning from dust. Dust from them should be removed regularly, with the same frequency with which you erase it from furniture. Relief and carved frames should be wiped only with a broom, smooth, solid ones can be wiped with a microfiber cloth.
Care for a painting under glass
If the frame is with glass, then during a thorough and General cleaning, be sure to wipe and RUB it the same way as the mirrors, but make sure that the means for washing glasses and Windows are not sprayed on the frames in any case.
On the inside of the glass, you can only wipe it with vinegar or denatured alcohol, which is carefully wiped. If as a result of loose fitting of the glass or improper selection of the base, the dust got under the glass and frame, then you can only wipe it by disassembling, removing the picture, glass, carefully cleaning and rubbing, and then collecting it again. To avoid this problem in the future, seal the frame with tape or masking tape at the back, as if sealing it.
Passepartout gets dirty very rarely, but if it happens that there are fingerprints or traces of dust on it, try to erase them with a simple pencil eraser. If it does not work, lightly wipe the Passepartout with alcohol or acetic essence, but first check on the back or in an inconspicuous place to see if they will cause the Passepartout to fade.
How to clean paintings
Oil and acrylic paintings
It is a delicate task to dust off the painting itself, which is not covered by glass. If we are talking about a picture painted in oil or acrylic, then remove the dust from it with a soft brush or powder puff, gently swiping in one direction.
During General cleaning, perform a more thorough cleaning by soaking the cloth in lightly beaten egg white, squeezing it well and gently wiping it in the direction of movement of the smears. Protein can be replaced with diluted water with vodka or vinegar, but they, unlike proteins, will have to be washed off.
When darkening or other fading of oil paints, cover the canvas with a slightly damp soft and always clean cloth for a few hours, then dry and gently RUB the cloth soaked in linseed oil.
Old oil paintings
Old oil paintings can be updated by first washing with vinegar, then with clean water, and after complete drying, covering them with a special protective varnish. Or use another method – wipe the cloth with a baked onion, wash off the mush, let it dry and then wipe with egg whites.
If oil cloths have been damaged by direct sunlight and open air, the white on them has darkened and changed color to yellow, gray or darker colors, they should be treated with a sponge dipped in hydrogen peroxide, which restores lead to the original colors, binding hydrogen sulfide.
When working with oil paintings, both new and old, you can not use soap, gasoline, alcohol and turpentine.
Paintings painted using loose or unstable materials-pencil, ink, pastels, etc. – do not wipe and get rid of the dust, gently blowing it off yourself or with a hair dryer on the cold air mode.
Features of the care of paintings
Cleaning should be carried out not only on the outside of the paintings, because the dust accumulates on the back plane. Remove the painting, dust it off, and hang it back. Cleaning dust from the back surfaces of paintings and frames can be carried out three to four times less often than from the frame itself.
Quite a complex process – cleaning old, valuable and gilded frames. You should start cleaning the dust by wiping the back surface of the old frame with a sponge or napkin soaked in gasoline. The frames themselves should be cleaned only with a soft brush, first dipping it in soapy water, then in crystal-clear water, and then carefully wiping it with a soft natural cloth. If the gilding is disturbed during cleaning, it should be further rubbed with purple.
Wooden frames, both polished and unpainted, are also cleaned in a special way. These frames are wiped with a special tool for caring for wood, in extreme cases – drying oil. Varnished wooden frames can be wiped and soaked in soapy water with a cloth, then wash off the remnants of soap and wipe dry.
No less than with the contamination of the paintings themselves, you should also deal with the problem of fading and contamination of the walls behind them, which is especially important for painted surfaces. To avoid leaving a trace under the paintings, you should stick special “stoppers” on the frame – flat pads, plastic disks, rubber “legs” or nail Wallpaper studs with convex caps that will keep the picture not on the wall, but at a distance of several millimeters, which will allow light to be evenly distributed, and dust – not to accumulate over the frame and on the wall itself.