About the World of art movement of the beginning of the XX century
The art Association Mir iskusstva, which was formed at the beginning of the XX century in Russia and went partly to emigrate after the Revolution, United such artists as artists L. S. Bakst, A. N. Benois, Somov K. A., Dobuzhinsky M. V., Roerich N. K., V. M. and A. M. Vasnetsov, V. D. Polenov, V. A. Serov, M. V. Nesterov, I. I. Levitan, I. A. Korovin, poets A. Bely, D. Merezhkovsky and Z. Gippius, Yu. F.Sologub, V. Bryusov, K. D. Balmont, ballet master S. p. Diaghilev and many others. The joint publication of Mir iskusstva magazine attached special importance to this trend of creative personalities, and the passion for the modern style – a bright art criticism dominant.
Being collected under the auspices of the magazine “World of art” in 1903, the followers of the famous ballet producer Diaghilev, author of “Russian ballet seasons in Paris”, initially expressed themselves through excises of theatrical costumes and stage sets. So famous were Bakst and Benoit, for example.
A charming production of V. Vasnetsov’s “snow maiden” was created there, Polenov, Golovin, Korovin, Vrubel worked there, Levitan, Serov, Yakunchikova and many, many others “grew up” and “brought up” there.
Being frequent visitors to salons and creative circles, “miriskussniki” gathered under the patronage of Savva Mamontov at his dacha in Abramtsevo, created there, evidence of which, for example, the project and the building of the Yaroslavl station in Moscow (the railway to Yaroslavl, Kostroma and Arkhangelsk was built by Savva Mamontov’s father, but the patron himself went bankrupt then, it came to bankruptcy, but the station building in the Art Nouveau style has matured to this day). In the 1870s and 90s, the Mamontovs ‘ circle of acquaintances was joined by I. E. Repin, V. M. and A. M. Vasnetsov, V. A. Serov, I. S. Ostroukhov, E. D. Polenova, K. A. Korovin, M. V. Nesterov, M. A. Vrubel, A. A. Kiselev and other artists. Since the late 1870s, members of the club have long lived and worked in Abramtsevo. In the manor and its surroundings were written “the Procession in the Kursk province” (1880-1883) and “Did not wait” (1884-1888) Repin, “Alyonushka” (1881) and “Heroes” (1881-1898) Vasnetsov, “Girl with peaches” (1887) Serov, “Vision of the boy Bartholomew” (1889-1890) Nesterov and other masterpieces of Russian painting.
Along with this, a prominent patron of writers and poets was sponsored by the bibliophile merchant Ivan Dmitrevich Sytin. Along with the artistic and literary group “Mir iskusstva”, the “Jack of diamonds” movement emerged, which became the successor of the ideas of “Mir iskusstva” in Moscow since 1910. The Jack of diamonds artists were characterized by a rejection of realism in art and a commitment to post-impressionism, cubism, and Fauvism.
Drawing such artists as M. A. Vrubel and F. O. Shechtel, miriskussniki created a special world that has become known as the Russian edge of the French style “Art Nouveau” or “art Deco” called “Modern”. In our gallery Antichthon many items in common with Eastern motifs, captured by the art Nouveau China, Korea and Japan. A part, say a silver spoon with the monogram of I. Khlebnikov, directly refers to it. These Oriental motifs, such as cedar and coniferous ornaments, or lilies and curved Windows, swamp plants and “underwater Kingdom” in the architecture and ornaments of interior items (the house with chimeras by Vladislav Gorodetsky in Kiev-see the photo) have become the “calling card” of Russian art Nouveau.
Our Gallery of contemporary art continues a series of articles about the history of Russian and Soviet art.
We invite everyone to visit our Master classes and Lectures on the history of painting, drawing, sculpture, and the history of fine art, which will be held in Moscow in the near future. We recommend that you make an appointment in advance and indicate the topics of lectures that would be of interest to you. Come, it will be interesting.