A significant part of old English engravings are caricatures. The genre of caricature itself existed before. Leonardo da Vinci’s caricatures are known, and many of Bruegel’s and Bosch’s canvases have obvious satire features. But it is in England of the XVIII century that the caricature gains unprecedented popularity and becomes a real phenomenon of public life due to the increased level of education of the population and the great interest shown by all layers of English society to the political life of the country.
The subjects of the cartoons were very different. Artists depicted important events, famous people of the era, scenes of public life, and so on. at the same time, the influence of cartoons on public opinion was considerable. Continue reading
THE ORIGIN OF ENGRAVING IN ENGLAND.
The English school in engraving is much younger than the Italian, German, or Dutch school. The history of English engraving should probably be kept from the end of the XV century. The first known engravings are placed in the book “Mirror of the world”, published in 1480 in Westminster by the English first printer William Caxton. The illustrations in the book are made in the technique of woodcut.
Later, other techniques – copper engraving and woodcut-were also used in England. Continue reading
Russian Russian emigration’s artistic heritage is still an important issue in the concept of the development of Russian art in the XX century. The contribution of individual representatives has not yet been sufficiently studied, as it is often complicated by the disparity of collections-the exhibits not only adorn the collections of museums in Europe or the United States, but also are in private collections, from time to time becoming the top positions of the world’s leading auction houses.
The artistic process after the Revolution of 1917 was torn in two – part remained in Russia, the other began to develop in emigration. It is impossible to say unequivocally that there were no analogues in the world history of art of such a mass Exodus until now. There were many examples of artists working in a different national environment, and one of them is the formation of the international Paris school. Continue reading